LPG gas bottle installation regulations specify appropriate locations and clearances in the placement of gas bottles. Distances from ignition sources, wall openings, and below-ground spaces, such as drains or pits, are all specified, so you can safely enjoy clean burning LPG.
Regulations for home gas installations
Liquified petroleum gas (LPG) is propane, butane, or a combination of the two. It can be used alongside electricity, or independent of electricity, and LPG is the right alternative in areas not served by natural gas. LPG is also ideal for camping lovers and for people wanting a genuine Aussie barbecue experience.
Regardless of the setup, LPG bottles (cylinders) must be placed in well-ventilated locations and on a solid base. Here are seven installation tips for 45kg, 90kg, and 210kg home LPG cylinders.
1. Ensure the gas bottle installation is upright and stable. Gas cylinders are often best situated on a solid concrete plinth above ground level where water won’t accumulate.
2. Ensure the gas bottles are fixed in position and won’t topple over and create a gas leak. Keeping the gas cylinder upright will ensure the pressure relief valve functions correctly.
3. The gas bottle installation should be in a well-ventilated space. It cannot be in an enclosure, alcove, under a building, or stairway.
4. The gas bottle installation should not be near window or wall openings. Avoid placing the installation near doors and air vents to avoid the buildup of gas in enclosed spaces.
5. Keep the gas bottle installation away from ignition sources or combustible materials. These include electrical switches, power points, air conditioning, compressors, pumps, lights, and sensors.
6. Keep the gas bottle installation away from pits and drains. LPG is heavier than air so, to avoid the potential for gas accumulation, gas bottle installation cannot be near a hole in the earth.
7. Ensure your installation point provides easy access during gas cylinder delivery and replacement and meets New Zealand Standards.
LPG home delivery guidelines
Here are some simple LPG home delivery guidelines to help you get started:Your driveway and pathway to the gas bottle installation area must be free of obstructions.
Unlock gates so that the driver has access to the gas bottles. Keep pets restrained.
Gas installation for line-of-sight to tanker
Tanker line-of-sight for a tanker LPG delivery means the delivery driver has a clear line-of-sight between the gas installation and the tanker while he is filling your cylinders. The gas installation also needs to be within the reach of the tankers’ hose if the cylinders or tanks are to be filled on-site by a tanker. Most tankers have two hose reels.
1) Low-flow hose for cylinders – 40 metres to 60 metres
2) High-flow hose for bulk tanks – 15 metres to 40 metres in length
For practical access, design the gas installation in a straight line measurement from the delivery truck cylinder offloading area.
Gas bottle changeover valves
While not actually an LPG bottle location regulations issue, you should decide on what type of changeover valve you want before the gas installation.
Automatic changeover valves have the advantage of automatically switching between the two bottles and providing a coloured indicator when one is empty.
Manual changeover valves do require you to manually switch over the changeover cylinder valve for ongoing gas supply.
Get a gas compliance certificate
A gas compliance certificate or compliance plate is documentation that the gas installation complies with the standards and regulations issued by the governing body.
It is issued by the gas fitter who performed the gas installation.
The gas fitter is typically liable to correct any gas installation-related defects.
The compliance document, certificate, plate, or badge will be signed off by the gasfitter.
The document lets gas suppliers know that the gas installation is safe.
Gas fitters vs plumbers
Many gas fitters are also plumbers but not all plumbers are licensed gas fitters. If you require gas work to be done on a gas hot water system, for example, make sure you get a tradesperson who is licensed for both the gas fitting and plumbing trades. Not all gas fitters are experienced in installing all types of gas appliances, so you should not hesitate to ask.
Typical gas fitting tasks
Gas fitters do different types of gas fitting tasks including:
• Gas appliance installation, conversions, repairs, and maintenance.
• Gas installation including regulators, changeover valves, pigtails, and gas lines.
• Installation and repairs of gas flue pipes.
• Installation of gas meters, valves, and associated pipe work.
• Adjusting gas pressure.
• Installation of gas detection systems.
• Leak testing and repairs.