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A guide to LPG Pricing

1 May, 2024 | Business LPG, Residential LPG

In this article:

All you need to know about how LPG pricing is determined and various involved factors
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How bottled LPG pricing is determined

As energy prices in New Zealand continue to rise, many people are switching to LPG (propane) as a cost-effective alternative. ELGAS is leading the way with highly competitive pricing and a network of service centres for the supply and delivery of clean-burning LPG.

LPG Price in New Zealand Explained

There are many factors that go into determining the price of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) in New Zealand. This includes the cost of LPG cylinders according to size and LPG gas commercial rates for bulk LPG delivery. The price for LPG in New Zealand fluctuates over time and at ELGAS, we constantly monitor the situation and review current LPG prices to ensure our rates and charges are highly competitive.

LPG price in New Zealand – Saudi CP LPG – World LPG prices

The world LPG prices benchmark for the cost of LPG in New Zealand is the Saudi Aramco LPG price, also commonly called the Saudi CP LPG price. All internationally traded commodities are subject to price fluctuations and the Saudi Aramco LPG price changes on a monthly basis, forcing price regulator reviews at least once per month affecting the LPG price in New Zealand.

New Zealand doesn’t have an influence on LPG price benchmarks, as our production of LPG is small compared to the worldwide production of hydrocarbon gases, crude oil refining and natural gas energy sources. However, at ELGAS, we do what we can to keep prices low.

Exchange rates affect 

Internationally, LPG is priced LPG in US dollars. The New Zealand dollar exchange rate also affects the average LPG price in New Zealand. Exchange rates change numerous times per day, making the setting and publishing of prices even more challenging.

The price of LPG can be expressed as LPG cost per kg, LPG Price per litre, or LPG price per tonne. Which one is a question of where in the supply chain you look. The Saudi CP LPG is in LPG price per tonne. Local pricing is expressed in LPG price per litre or by the cost of LPG gas per kg. The unit of measure for LPG pricing is situation-dependent.

LPG price and transportation costs

Transport costs and refinery terminal fees are also a significant part of the overall cost of delivered LPG in New Zealand, sourced from oil & gas fields, refineries and importers. There are three distance-related transportation cost variables.

  1. Distance from the original source to the main terminal.
  2. Distance from the main terminal to various local depots.
  3. Distance from the local depot to your location.

Volume used affects LPG price

The cost of servicing a larger volume account is typically less than a lower volume account and affects the LPG price. Delivering larger quantities, on a given delivery, is obviously more economical. For example, autogas dealers take thousands of propane/butane litres per delivery, as compared to cooking-only customers who might use just one LPG gas cylinder every 15 months. As a result, the volume used affects the unit pricing.


New to LPG? Choose ELGAS.

ELGAS is Australasia’s largest LPG supplier and services the LPG energy needs of more than 350,000 homes and businesses. Whether you are looking for LPG for your home, LPG for your business, or SWAP’n’GO for your BBQ, contact ELGAS today!

Impact of Taxes

The New Zealand Government influences the cost of LPG gas through the application of taxes.

  • GST applies to all LPG sold in New Zealand. This adds 15% to the LPG price.
  • LPG used for vehicles – autogas – is subject to an excise tax. You can find the current excise tax on the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment website

LPG prices in New Zealand

Prices n New Zealand are subject to changes in the world LPG prices, taxes, transport and other related costs and considerations. While ELGAS is one of the largest suppliers of LPG across Australia and New Zealand, we are also dependent on the primary LPG producers for the product.

The variations in global LPG cost, the Saudi Aramco LPG price, exchange rates, transportation and delivery costs, as well as the variations in the volumes used, make it impractical to publish pricing for all customers across New Zealand. Contact ELGAS today for a competitive price of LPG applicable to your unique situation.

New Zealand Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS)

The New Zealand Emissions Trading Scheme is the government’s main tool for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. It requires market-based businesses to measure and report their emissions, and surrender one ‘emissions unit’ (NZU) to the government for each tonne of emissions they emit. The government sets and reduces the number of units supplied into the scheme over time. The ETS puts a price on emissions by charging certain sectors of the economy. The trading market sets the corresponding emissions price.

LPG equipment fees and charges

In New Zealand, LPG suppliers charge an equipment fee, also called an annual fee, service charge, or bottle/cylinder rental fee. LPG equipment fees contribute to several associated costs involved with purchasing, testing, maintaining, and replacing LPG cylinders. This helps ELGAS make sure that your gas cylinders meet stringent gas supply safety standards.

LPG equipment fees are charged separately from the cost of your gas consumption and are calculated according to the number and size of the gas cylinders provided. Additional fees may include:

  • Account establishment fees
  • Urgent delivery fees
  • Service and installation charges

We can also inform you of any energy subsidy you may be eligible for. If you’re looking for the most cost-effective solutions to your energy needs, contact ELGAS.

What is LPG used for around the home?

LPG has multiple uses around the home. That’s one of the main reasons ELGAS is so popular. Home LPG use includes:


Enjoy instant on/off and precise heat control with a targeted gas flame.

Hot Water

The choices are yours with LPG for heating a traditional water tank or for instantaneous hot water that doesn’t rely on a tank.


LPG gas heaters can be freestanding or built-in. These attractive appliances heat the room fast.


Small SWAP’n’GO LPG gas bottles are perfect for BBQs by the pool, outdoor heating and lighting, camp stoves and many more outdoor applications.

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